# The DFIELD Tool

Now I want to introduce you to a nice online tool which might help you construct some
of these slope fields. (if you get tired of doing this by hand and your calculator
can't plot these for you) It is called **DFIELD** (named for the term *direction field* which is another term for *slope field*). It is being developed by **John C. Polking** and some of his colleagues at Rice University. The software is really just a set
of m-files that MatLab executes. MatLab is a Matrix Laboratory software package that
is very popular with many mathematicians and engineers. As a matter of fact, the image
that you see on the right of this page was generated using DFIELD.

Before you actually visit the site, you should remember that there are a few syntax
rules that you need to understand and follow. After all, this is a computing tool,
much like a calculator, and it requires a certain syntax in order to function properly.
You may want to keep this window open while you are using the tool so that you can
read through the following notes as you plug along for the first time. Just minimize
it and pull it up whenever you need it. The link to **DFIELD** is at the bottom of the page, but read (at least skim it, please) through the following
before you click.

- There will be several windows that pop up as you get started. As the software is cranking up, you will have to click OK on the copyright box in order to get started. Managing all of these windows will require some ingenuity on your part.
- Two Basic Windows:
- The two basic windows that you will work with are the
**Equation Window**and the**Direction Field Window**.You may have to adjust the size of the Equation Window in order to see the contents of all the boxes. The Equation Window is where you enter the differential equation. Notice that there is already an equation entered for you. There is a box which tells DFIELD which variable is the independent variable. There are also some parameters in the equation-- a and b. The values of those parameters can be adjusted in the boxes under the heading**Parameter Expressions**. One can also adjust the maximum and minimum values of the graph of the slope field by using**The Display Window**boxes.

- The two basic windows that you will work with are the
- Plotting a slope field:
- Click on the button in the right hand corner of the Equation Window. It is labelled
as
**Graph Direction Field**. You can view the direction field (or slope field) in the Direction Field window.

- Click on the button in the right hand corner of the Equation Window. It is labelled
as
- Sketching Solution Trajectories:
- Using your mouse to click on a point in the direction field, you can generate a sketch of the solution to your differential equation which passes through that particular point in the plane.
- When you click on a particular point in the ty-plane, you are, in essence, specifying an initial condition for your differential equation. DFIELD then sketches that particular solution for you.

- Basic Syntax and Operations:
- addition, +
- subtraction, -
- multiplication, *, (don't forget this one: 3x is written as 3*x)
- powers, ^, (3^2 means
*three squared*)

- Functions:
- trigonometric, sin(3*x), (the parentheses must be there, `sinx' will only give you syntax errors and frustrate you) and it works the same for cosine (cos(3*x)) and tangent (tan(3*x)) functions
- the exponential function e, exp(x) or exp(t^2), (again the parenthese are the big deal)

- Quitting: You may quit the application by clicking the Quit option under the File menu in the Direction Field Window.

Click Here in order to use **DFIELD**. Note: There is some introductory stuff at the top of the page. In order to crank
up the tool, you must scroll down the screen and click on the grey button labelled
DFIELD 2005.10

Updated on: 08/22/07.